New York: Infection Control

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Intended Audience

In August 1992, Chapter 786 of the Laws of 1992 established a requirement that certain healthcare professionals licensed in New York State receive training on infection control and barrier precautions by July 1994 and every four years thereafter unless otherwise exempted. These professionals include: Dental hygienists, Dentists, Licensed practical nurses, Optometrists, Physicians, Physician assistants, Podiatrists, Registered professional nurses, Specialist assistants, Medical students, Medical residents, and Physician assistant students.

General Description

The Infection Control Training from New York State Department of Health and State Education Department, is a tool designed for health professionals in order to provide the necessary training to minimize the risk of contagion of infectious diseases in the work environment, properly using biosecurity tools; and applying the basic protocols of cleaning, disinfection and sterilization, both of material and of work environments. Course assures that licensed, registered, or certified health professionals understand how bloodborne pathogens may be transmitted in the work environment: patient to healthcare worker, healthcare worker to patient, and patient to patient. It applies current scientifically accepted infection prevention and control principles.

Learning Objectives

  • Learn about the standards of professional conduct in the field of practices of infection prevention and control.
  • Recognize the responsibility of health care workers to adhere to scientifically accepted principles and practices of infection prevention and control.
  • Recognize the responsibility of the healthcare worker to monitor compliance with infection control protocols, and identify the consequences of non-compliance.
  • Describe how pathogenic organisms are spread in healthcare settings.
  • Identify the factors which influence the outcome of an exposure to pathogenic organisms in healthcare settings.
  • List strategies for preventing transmission of pathogenic organisms.
  • Describe how infection control concepts are applied in professional practice.
  • Define healthcare-associated disease transmission, engineering controls, safe injection practices, and work practice controls.
  • Describe specific high-risk practices and procedures that increase the opportunity for healthcare worker and patient exposure to potentially infectious material.
  • Describe specific measures to prevent transmission of bloodborne pathogens from patient to patient, healthcare worker to patient, and patient to healthcare worker via contaminated injection equipment.
  • Identify work practice controls designed to eliminate the transmission of bloodborne pathogens during use of sharp instruments.
  • Identify where engineering or work practice controls can be utilized to prevent patient exposure to bloodborne pathogens.
  • Know what are the steps to follow in the evaluation, diagnosis and conduct of an accident due to exposure to infected biological material.
  • Describe the circumstances that require the use of barriers and personal protective equipment to prevent patient or healthcare worker contact with potentially infectious material.
  • Identify specific barriers or personal protective equipment for patient and healthcare worker protection from exposure to potentially infectious material.
  • Definitions of terms: Contamination, cleaning, Critical device, decontamination, etc.
  • Describe the three levels of disinfection (i.e., low, intermediate, and high).
  • Differentiate between non critical, semi critical, and critical medical devices.
  • Recognize the importance of the correct application of reprocessing methods for assuring the safety and integrity of patient care equipment in preventing transmission of bloodborne pathogens.
  • Recognize strategies for, and importance of, effective and appropriate pre-cleaning, chemical disinfection, and sterilization of instruments and medical devices aimed at preventing transmission of bloodborne pathogens.
  • Recognize the professional’s responsibility for maintaining a safe patient care environment in all healthcare settings.
  • Recognize the role of occupational health strategies in protecting healthcare workers and patients.
  • Recognize non-specific disease findings that should prompt evaluation of healthcare workers.
  • Identify occupational health strategies for preventing transmission of bloodborne pathogens and other communicable diseases in healthcare workers.
  • Identify resources for evaluation of healthcare workers infected with HIV, HBV, and/or HCV.
  • Recognize the role of occupational health strategies in protecting healthcare workers and patients.
  • Recognize non-specific disease findings that should prompt evaluation of healthcare workers.
  • Identify occupational health strategies for preventing transmission of bloodborne pathogens and other communicable diseases in healthcare workers.
  • Identify resources for evaluation of healthcare workers infected with HIV, HBV, and/or HCV.
  • Describe the scope of the sepsis problem and the NYS Sepsis Improvement Initiative.
  • Describe persons at increased risk of developing sepsis.
  • Identify common sources of infection that may lead to sepsis.
  • Describe early signs and symptoms that may be associated with sepsis in adults and children and infants.
  • Understand the need for immediate medical evaluation and management if sepsis is suspected.
  • Educate patients and families on methods for preventing infections and illnesses that can lead to sepsis and on identifying the signs and symptoms of severe infections and when to seek medical care.
Instructional Methods
  • Assessment Review
  • Interactive Elements
  • Lesson Recall Self Assessment
  • Narration
  • Scenarios
  • Slides Presentation
  • Video Clips
Assessment
  • Autograded
  • Lesson Quizzes
  • Passing 80%+
  • Quiz Retakes

Course Content

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INTRODUCTION TO NEW YORK INFECTION CONTROL PRACTICES
Lesson 1: Responsibility of Health Professionals
Lesson 2: Modes and Mechanisms of Transmission
Lesson 3: Reducing Exposure
Lesson 4: BARRIERS
Lesson 5: Maintaining a Safe Environment
Lesson 6: PREVENTION
Lesson 7: Sepsis
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